Effectiveness of virtual reality eyeglasses as a distraction technique in managing anxious paediatric patients undergoing dental treatment- A cross-sectional study


Original Article

Author Details : Arya Devan*, Sundeep Hegde K, Sham S Bhat, Raksha Ballal, Ajay Rao H T

Volume : 7, Issue : 2, Year : 2021

Article Page : 131-137

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijohd.2021.027



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Abstract

Aim: To evaluate the effect of virtual reality eyeglasses as a distraction technique in management of anxious paediatric patients undergoing dental treatment.
Materials and Methods: It is an in-vivo study which was performed on 148 patients with 37 in each four different groups. Children’s dental anxiety was measured using Modified Dental Anxiety Scale (MDAS) and Pulse oximeter which measures the pulse rate, oxygen saturation. After assessing the anxiety levels of the children, children who are found to be anxious were taken for the study.
Group A includes children who have to undergo extraction without virtual reality eyeglasses.
Group B includes children who have to undergo extraction with virtual reality eyeglasses.
Group C includes children who have to undergo restoration without virtual reality eye glasses.
Group D includes children who have to undergo restoration with virtual reality eye glasses. Children’s anxiety was again evaluated using the Modified Dental Anxiety Scale (MDAS) and Pulse oximeter during dental treatment. The results obtained were then compared.
Results: The data was collected, tabulated, Descriptive statistics and paired t test was used for statistical analysis.
Results: Group A: There were statistically significant changes in pulse rate, oxygen saturation (SPO) and modified anxiety scale (p<0>0.05). Group C: There were statistically significant changes in pulse rate and modified anxiety scale (p<0>0.05). Group D: There were statistically significant changes in pulse rate and modified anxiety scale (p<0>0.05)
Within the limitations of this study we conclude that virtual reality eyeglasses used in the present study is an effective distraction technique in management of pediatric patients undergoing dental treatment.
 

Keywords: Dental anxiety, Virtual reality eyeglasses, Distraction, Restoration, Extraction.


How to cite : Devan A, Sundeep Hegde K, Bhat S S, Ballal R, Ajay Rao H T, Effectiveness of virtual reality eyeglasses as a distraction technique in managing anxious paediatric patients undergoing dental treatment- A cross-sectional study. Int J Oral Health Dent 2021;7(2):131-137


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Int J Oral Health Dent. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)



Article History

Received : 03-07-2021

Accepted : 05-07-2021

Available online : 13-07-2021


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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijohd.2021.027


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