Evaluation of marginal adaptation of CAD/CAM vs conventional all-ceramic crowns on an implant abutment: An in vitro study

Original Article

Author Details : Himanshu Aeran*, Megha Sagar, Jyotsna Seth

Volume : 7, Issue : 2, Year : 2021

Article Page : 104-109


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Background: The survival of fixed prosthodontic restorations depends on the state of the marginal adaptation. Marginal gaps can create a favourable condition for biofilm deposition, thereby contributing to the development of caries and periodontal disease. The longevity of fixed prosthodontic restorations depends on the condition of the marginal adaptation to the abutment teeth.
Aim: The presented work aimed to study, evaluate and compare the marginal adaptation of All-Ceramic crowns fabricated using conventional laboratory procedures with those fabricated using the CAD/CAM technology.
Objectives: To compare the marginal fit and adaptation of All- Ceramic crowns obtained by conventional techniques and crowns obtained by CAD/CAM technique.
Materials and Methods: The presented study focused on a total of 20 samples divided into two groups viz. Group I (Conventional) and Group II (CAD/CAM) having 10 sample each. The samples were prepared with the straight abutment having a standardized collar height of 2mm, HIOSSEN that was mounted on acrylic blocks using implant analogue, HIOSSEN. A set of crowns was produced by 5-axis milling lithium disilicate using glass-ceramic blocks with laboratory fabrication methods. Another set of zirconia crowns was produced using CAD/CAM technology. Circumferential marginal gap measurements were taken at 12 measurement locations on the hexagonal die marked equidistant to each other. Both the samples were measured for marginal discrepancy at under the stereomicroscope.
Results: The results obtained showed that the mean vertical gap for the group II samples showed the least variation in the marginal discrepancy. Although the mean obtained for both the groups showed that the mean vertical marginal discrepancy was within the clinically acceptable level.
Conclusion: It can be concluded that within the limitation of the study the data obtained showed that The Mean vertical gap was the maximum for Group I (Conventional group) i.e. 49.25 µm showing maximum variation in marginal fit. While the CAD/CAM Group had shown least vertical marginal discrepancy which depicts statistically significant better marginal fit than those fabricated using conventional laboratory procedures.

Keywords: CAD/CAM, Implant abutment, Marginal adaptation, All-ceramic crowns.

How to cite : Aeran H, Sagar M, Seth J, Evaluation of marginal adaptation of CAD/CAM vs conventional all-ceramic crowns on an implant abutment: An in vitro study. Int J Oral Health Dent 2021;7(2):104-109

Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Int J Oral Health Dent. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)

Article History

Received : 05-01-2021

Accepted : 30-01-2021

Available online : 13-07-2021

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