Angular changes of impacted mandibular third molars and developing mandibular third molars in premolar extraction cases- A retrospective radiographic study


Original Article

Author Details : Shanthi Velachery*, Shahir Backer, Sandeep Shetty, Katheesa Parveen, Nandish Kumar Shetty, Akhter Husain

Volume : 7, Issue : 1, Year : 2021

Article Page : 43-47

https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijohd.2021.009



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Abstract

Background: Successful eruption of impacted third molars requires the establishment of proper mesiodistal angulation as the tooth erupts into the oral cavity. Extraction of premolars in orthodontic cases may favour the eruption of third molars.
Materials and Methods: Patients were divided into 2 categories. Category I - Radiographs of patients undergone orthodontic treatment with third molar roots formation completed and category II - Radiographs of patients undergone orthodontic treatment with third molar roots formation uncompleted. The samples consisted of 24 third molars in each category with a total of 48 samples. On pre operative and post operative
OPGs linear and angular measurements were measured.
Results: There was statistically significant difference in the space between the anterior border of the ramus and the second molar. But there was no significant difference in the angulation of the third molars. So even if there is a gain of space for the third molars to erupt, the changes in the angulations of third molar does not favour the spontaneous eruption after the orthodontic treatment with extraction of 1st premolar.
Conclusion: Extraction of 1st premolar has positive influence on the space available for the third molar eruption. But there are no changes in the angulations of the third molars that would in turn help in the eruption.

Keywords: Mandibular third molars, Impaction, Premolar extraction.


How to cite : Velachery S , Backer S , Shetty S , Parveen K , Shetty N K , Husain A , Angular changes of impacted mandibular third molars and developing mandibular third molars in premolar extraction cases- A retrospective radiographic study. Int J Oral Health Dent 2021;7(1):43-47


Copyright © 2021 by author(s) and Int J Oral Health Dent. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (creativecommons.org)



Article History

Received : 09-11-2020

Accepted : 07-01-2021

Available online : 21-04-2021


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https://doi.org/10.18231/j.ijohd.2021.009


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